Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Sydney Snider, OCJ FFA reporterIt has been a successful year for FFA members and chapters across the Buckeye State. Membership has reached a high with over 25,000 FFA members and 315 FFA chapters. A record number of state degree recipients were awarded at the state FFA convention in May and Ohio was honored to have several national winners recognized at the national FFA convention in October.2018 also marks the 90th anniversary for the formation of the “Future Farmers of America.” Ohio has had a rich history in leading innovation and growth within FFA since it’s inception in 1928. Continue reading for a quick glimpse into the past 90 years. The initial yearsIn November of 1928, 33 vocational agriculture students met in Kansas City to form the “Future Farmers of America.” Among the students was Ashley, Ohio native Lawrence Augenstein, who helped develop the by-laws and constitution for the FFA. He also received the first American FFA Degree pin ever presented and served on the first national officer team.In February 1929, the Ohio FFA Association was officially established during a two-day meeting at The Ohio State University. The meeting was made up of 80 students from 52 Ohio Departments of Vocational Agriculture. Ohio was the 14th state to charter an association with 23 official chapters.An iconic symbol of the FFA is the blue corduroy jacket worn by members across the nation. The jacket, developed by the Fredericktown FFA Chapter, was adopted in 1933. Fredericktown is located in Knox County and is still an active FFA chapter today.A favorite location for Ohio FFA members is Ohio FFA Camp Muskingum. The Ohio FFA camp program was established in 1941 and has been going strong ever since. Continued growthAs FFA continued to grow in Ohio, a need was seen for a foundation to be established to develop support and funding for the association. So in 1957, the Ohio FFA Foundation was officially formed.Ohio continued to be ahead of the game in creating opportunities for students. In 1966, membership was opened to girls in Ohio. The national organization followed this lead just a few years later in 1969.The middle years of FFA’s growth and development saw the implementation of many new Career Development Events (CDE) and programs to help students grow in their leadership capabilities. In order to reflect the growing diversity of its membership and programs, the “Future Farmers of America” changed their name to the National FFA Organization in 1988. Other noteworthy momentsIn 2003, the Ohio FFA Association celebrated 75 years by opening a time capsule that was sealed during the 50th state FFA convention. The following year, a new time capsule was sealed and will be opened during the 100th state convention.Over the years, Ohio FFA has been proud to have countless FFA members be awarded as national winners in CDE’s, proficiency areas, and other leadership-oriented events. The Ohio FFA Association has also seen the most students elected as national FFA officers, with a total of 32. A promising futureOhio FFA has been dedicated to serving its members since day one. As agriculture, technology, and education continue to evolve and grow, so do the capabilities of Ohio FFA members and chapters. The next 90 years are sure to bring more exciting moments, awards, and growth for FFA across the Buckeye State.To learn more about the Ohio FFA Association, visit ohioffa.org. You can also follow Ohio FFA on social media to keep up to date with FFA member and chapter accomplishments.
The three-act structure has long been the standard for storytellers — but bending the rules can lead to exceptionally cool results.The principles of the three-act structure have been employed by storytellers for ages. In the early 20th century, filmmakers adopted the three-act structure to develop compelling stories for their burgeoning art form. While this traditional structure remains the standard, filmmakers have found ways to bend the structure to their creative will.What Is the Three-Act Structure?Three acts. Three elements of a narrative arc. Makes sense, right? The set up. The rising action. The resolution. Let’s look a little closer at this concept.The Set UpImage via LucasfilmThe set up is exactly what it sounds like. This is when characters are introduced and the world of the film is established. Near the end of this act, the first turning point is introduced — and the game changes.The Rising ActionImage via LucasfilmThe characters spend the second act dealing with the conflict presented at the end of the first act. Traditionally, while confronting said conflict, the characters find a way to make things even worse. This act is the “meat” of the story. It should be dense with plot movement and character development. A weak, meandering second act is a perfect way to lose an audience.The ResolutionImage via LucasfilmIn the final act, characters reach their peak potential and growth by acting on valuable lessons learned during the first two acts. The final conflict — the climax of the narrative — arrives. The characters accept their destiny by confronting and defeating their demons/issues/Death Stars.How to Bend the RulesThe classic three-act structure isn’t going anywhere. It’s undeniably a dependable and familiar storytelling template. Even better, it’s malleable, allowing for subtle subversions and bold disruptions of expectations. Here are some classic examples of stories that tweaked the trope.Fragmented Structure: Pulp FictionImage via MiramaxQuentin Tarantino has built a career on deconstructing the three-act structure. Pulp Fiction has set up, conflict, and resolution — just not necessarily in that order. Tarantino fragments the narrative and jumbles the arc. The story unfolds in chapters told out of turn. Occasionally a three-act structure unfolds within the fragments of the greater whole, but the chapters exist on a timeline that ends in the middle before reaching the end where the story begins. If you will.Non-Linear Structure: MementoImage via Newmarket FilmsChristopher Nolan never met a story he couldn’t make more complex. Take Memento, for example. To call the film’s narrative path untraditional is an understatement.The anterograde amnesia of the main character — Leonard, as portrayed by Guy Pearce — allowed Nolan to craft a non-linear playground of a plot that moves forward and backward at once. When the story is unfolding in reverse, Nolan presents the action in color. When time moves chronologically, Nolan uses black and white footage. This device is jarring and disorienting, forcing the audience to feel the effects of Leonard’s inability to create new memories.Eventually, both strands of the narrative collide at the end of the film in dramatic fashion. The traditional aspects of storytelling are there — but don’t expect to find them in the places they’re usually found.Parallel Structure: The Usual SuspectsImage via Gramercy PicturesCompared to the previous examples, The Usual Suspects from Bryan Singer doesn’t play quite as fast and loose with the rules of traditional structure, but it’s still a noteworthy example of manipulating the three-act structure.Two story lines unfold at once through narration and flashbacks. One thread follows the exploits of criminal Dean Keaton, who is killed at the beginning of the film. The other features the interrogation of Verbal Kint, a small-time hood connected to the incident that led to Keaton’s death. Both play out in linear fashion — but Kint’s narration unfolds “after the fact” and Keaton’s character arc is exposed in flashbacks.In the end, Singer still uses a traditional three-act structure, it’s just broken up and twisted by the narrative sections featuring Kint. The parallel narratives force the audience to put together two complicated puzzles at once — puzzles that only exist to obscure the shocking final picture.Is the three-act structure worth using anymore? What are your favorite examples of films that used or abused it? Share your thoughts in the comments below.
Three people drowned in as many districts on August 2 as the flood situation in Assam worsened affecting eight of the State’s 33 districts.The death toll since May — when the first wave of floods hit Assam — has risen to 41 with landslides caused by heavy rainfall having claimed the lives of three people.Officials of the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA) said a person each drowned in Dhemaji, Udalguri and Golaghat districts. These and five other districts have been affected by flash floods and the rising waters of the Brahmaputra and four of its tributaries.“About 1 lakh people have been affected by the second wave of floods,” an ASDMA official said. Eastern Assam’s Golaghat is the worst-affected district with 54,135 people displaced followed by Sivasagar (17,905) and Lakhimpur (14,052).Golaghat and Sivasagar district authorities have set up 99 relief camps that are currently housing 20,869 people.The officials said crops on 5,056.35 hectares has been destroyed across the eight districts.“Apart from inundation, erosion has been a major problem. At least 68 houses have been destroyed by rivers such as Jia Bharali and Panchnoi in Sonitpur, Udalguri and Barpeta districts,” the ASDMA official said.