Feb 8, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – The H5N1 virus has materialized deep in Africa, killing about 40,000 poultry on a commercial farm in northern Nigeria, according to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE).Tests at an OIE reference laboratory in Padova, Italy, yesterday confirmed the presence of H5N1 as the culprit in an outbreak that began nearly a month ago, on Jan 10, the OIE report said.The virus was found in samples drawn Jan 16 from a farm in Jaji, in the northern state of Kaduna, the Associated Press (AP) reported. The Italian Health Ministry said the strain confirmed there is similar to strains found in Siberia and Mongolia in 2005, the AP said.The Jaji farm is the only confirmed outbreak site so far, the World Health Organization (WHO) said in a statement today. “Investigations are urgently needed to determine whether the outbreak, which began almost a month ago, has spread from the farm to affect household flocks,” the agency said.”Poultry deaths in the adjacent province of Kano have been reported, but the cause has not yet been determined,” the WHO added.Although published reports conflict, the AP quoted Salihu Jibrin, head of the Kano state’s livestock department, as saying that at least 60,000 birds have died there in recent weeks. Testing was being conducted, but officials told the AP today that no signs of avian flu had been found.Another source, South Africa’s Independent Online, reported yesterday that poultry began dying in unusually high numbers last weekend at the Sovat farm in Danbare village in Kano.The OIE is sending a team to Jaji in Kaduna state to assist in government quarantine efforts, Bloomberg News reported today.The arrival of H5N1 in Nigeria realizes one of the worst fears of experts, who have long warned that the spread of the virus into Africa could greatly complicate containment efforts. Backyard poultry live in close contact with people in many parts of Africa.”In Nigeria, as in other parts of Africa, most village households maintain free-ranging flocks of poultry as a source of income and food,” the WHO said. “Close human contact with poultry is extensive.”The primary public health need is to reduce the risk of human infections by preventing contact with diseased or dead household poultry, the WHO said. If the virus has spread to household flocks, people will need to be warned to avoid risky behavior, such as slaughtering sick poultry.The WHO said no clear information about the source of the Nigerian outbreak was available, but the country lies along a route for birds migrating from central Asia.Full sequence information about the outbreak virus is expected later this week, the WHO said. The information should help authorities assess the risk to human health and may shed light on the source of the outbreak.Authorities have expressed concerns about paying for and coordinating outreach, education, and other responses to avian flu in resource-strapped African countries, many of which are already battling hunger, HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and other diseases.Nigeria, which has 124 million people, has an average healthy life expectancy at birth of only 41 years, according to 2003 data from the WHO.See also: Feb 8 WHO statement on outbreak in Nigeriahttp://www.who.int/csr/don/2006_02_08/en/index.htmlOIE report on Nigerian outbreakhttp://www.oie.int/downld/AVIAN%20INFLUENZA/A2006_AI.phpWHO profile of Nigeriahttp://www.who.int/countries/nga/en/
New Delhi: Before the start of the series, Australia was facing an uphill task. They had lost four consecutive Twenty20 Internationals and they were facing Virat Kohli’s Indian cricket team, who had won seven consecutive Twenty20 International series since February 2017. However, the entire script changed with India’s bowling and catching found wanting in Brisbane. Chasing a revised target due to rain in 17 overs, Shikhar Dhawan (76) and Dinesh Karthik (30) played attacking knocks but it was not enough as Australia secured a four-run win to put themselves on the cusp of an unlikely series win heading into the second Twenty20 International in Melbourne.Read More | Harris, Tremain included in Australia side for two India Tests The loss in Brisbane would not worry Kohli much, considering the short turn-around time for games in such series. However, the Indian team would be looking to address some issues with the fielding and bowling. Kohli himself dropped Aaron Finch while Khaleel Ahmed dropped Marcus Stoinis. In addition, there were some fielding mishaps as well which proved to be crucial. However, India has an issue with the bowling, with Krunal Pandya giving away 55 runs in four overs.Read More | Kohli says Rishabh Pant’s wicket was turning point for India in T20IIt was the let-up in the intensity during the middle overs, where India leaked 36 runs in two overs which cost the side. Getting Yuzvendra Chahal in place of Pandya might be a good option but it weakens the batting. Chahal’s wicket-taking prowess in Twenty20s is magnificent and it will be interesting to see how Kohli rejigs his bowling composition.Read More | Australia survive Shikhar Dhawan blitz to clinch Brisbane T20IWith the batting, the No.3 position is a conundrum. KL Rahul struggled in Brisbane, continuing the right-hander’s lean run in this format. Since his 101* in Manchester against England, Rahul’s highest score in six innings has been 26*. With Manish Pandey and Shreyas Iyer waiting in the wings, the pressure is immense on Rahul.Zampa the trump card for AustraliaAustralia headed into the game in Brisbane with turmoil on and off the field. In the end, they emerged victorious thanks to aggressive batting, better fielding and a much-better bowling display, notably from Adam Zampa 4-0-22-2. Zampa’s spell was the key in the middle overs and his wicket of Virat Kohli would be satisfying, considering he got the Indian skipper cheaply in a chase.Marcus Stoinis’ all-round show, combined with Chris Lynn and Glenn Maxwell’s aggression give the batting a solid look. The pacers, notably Andrew Tye and Jason Behrendorff struggled and they will be aiming for a better performance.The hosts might not make any changes. However, one potential change could be Nathan Coulter-Nile in place of Tye, who leaked plenty of runs which got India back in the contest. For all the Latest Sports News News, Cricket News News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps.