10 December 2014A new system aimed at improving the competitiveness of South Africa’s mining sector came into effect on Monday, 8 December, the departments of Mineral Resources and Environmental Affairs said in a joint statement on Tuesday.The One Environmental System is aimed at streamlining licensing processes for mining, environmental authorisations and water use.It represents the “government’s commitment to improve the ease of doing business and further enhance South Africa’s global competitiveness as a mining investment jurisdiction,” the statement said.Under the system, the minister of mineral resources will be responsible for issuing environmental authorisations and waste management licences for mining and related activities.Environmental Affairs Minister Edna Molewa will be the appeal authority for these authorisations.The National Environmental Management Laws Amendment Act, known as Nemla 3, is part of a suite of Acts that form the One Environmental System.While passed in September, it was only implemented from 8 December to ensure all complementary legislation, including certain sections of the Minerals and Petroleum Resources Development Amendment Act (MPRDA), were in place.Permits will now be issued simultaneously by environmental affairs, mineral resources and water and sanitation within a fixed time frame – a maximum of 300 days.If a decision is appealed, an additional 90 days will be granted to finalise the process.“Until all the legislative amendments have been effected to formalise these timeframes, the timeframes stipulated in [the he National Environmental Management Act] Nema will be applicable,” the statement said.Until the regulations regarding residue stockpiles and residue deposits as well as the financial provision for rehabilitation regulations are finalised, the MPRDA regulations remain in force.Minister of Mineral Resources Ngoako Ramatlhodi can now appoint mineral resource inspectors, who will have the same powers as environmental management inspectors to enforce the provisions of the National Environmental Management Act.The system was first announced by President Jacob Zuma in his State of the Nation address in February.SAinfo reporter
Anant Jhingran Related Posts Tags:#AI Machine Learning#APIs#auto-home#Connected Devices#IoT A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Anant Jhingran serves as CTO and leads the product strategy & development at Apigee. AI: How it’s Impacting Surveillance Data Storage AI Will Empower Leaders, Not Replace Them China and America want the AI Prize Title: Who … Application programming interfaces (APIs) are the mechanisms that connect data, services, and apps to create modern digital experiences. If a consumer browses through some products on a retailer’s app, API calls are what seamlessly pull together the details. If a homeowner pays a utility bill online—another few API calls go to work behind the scenes to complete the transaction. If that homeowner then charts directions using a mapping service or orders a car through a ridesharing service, still more API calls are involved. A large portion of API traffic can currently be attributed to some kind of human action and follows a request-response model.What this means is that a person does something that triggers an API call in the first place. API traffic driven by machines instead of humans, in contrast, follows different, programmatic patterns and, to date, has often involved malicious activities, such as bots or attempts to breach security. On Google Cloud’s Apigee team, however, we’ve observed that the API world is experiencing a shift, with benign programmatic API calls generated by algorithms or machine intelligence taking on more prominent roles in digital ecosystems and experiences. This shift is driven by several trends that open new dimensions for how enterprises leverage APIs and expand existing ones.The rise of voice applications.Though adoption estimates for voice technologies vary, it’s clear that tens of millions of people in the U.S. alone regularly use smart speakers and voice-controlled digital assistants. It’s also clear that today’s users are adopting voice much faster than past users adopted disruptive technologies such as television or the Internet. With applications expanding rapidly into new areas such as healthcare and new use cases emerging in the enterprise, voice technologies are poised to grow far beyond their origins on smartphones and smart speakers. There are now even applications that let users raise a toilet seat using only their voice!Voice technologies are complicated and potentially expensive to develop, which is one reason that so many companies have made their natural language processing technologies available to others via APIs. If a voice assistant hears a user say, “Pay my utility bill,” the assistant needs to understand the unstated nuances of the instruction: “Pay my utility bill from PG&E for the current month using my stored credit card.” This sort of task relies heavily on machine learning, with the user’s simple request into the voice system resulting in potentially hundreds of API calls across the backend, all driven by machine intelligence figuring things out. As more use cases integrate voice, the underlying machine learning technologies—and the APIs that make those technologies leverageable—will continue to grow in prominence. The expansion of IoT and home automation.At the recent CES conference, enthusiasm for the Internet of Things (IoT) continued to grow, with connected, communicating devices filling booth after booth and keynote after keynote across Las Vegas. Many analysts estimate there are already more connected devices in use than people on the planet—and the deluge of sensing, communicating, intelligent devices is not stopping. IoT devices integrate with each other and with voice assistants through APIs — and through recipes from organizations such as IFTTT. With hundreds of thousands of different types of devices, bespoke integrations just do not work. Though APIs cannot solve all challenges associated with more profound business logic, they can simplify the mixing and matching, making it easier for all the devices and services to interact with one another. APIs take artificial intelligence mainstream.Artificial intelligence (AI) is arguably most useful when it can be leveraged into applications. However, as alluded in the above point about developing voice technologies, not every team or enterprise has the capability to do AI from scratch. Consequently, we expect to see API-driven AI in which one team, or one business builds an excellent model in some domain, and other firms or teams leverage that work through APIs. These teams or businesses may then develop their own AI models, which, in turn, another team might leverage. We already see examples of this, such as Google’s AutoML for image and text analysis.Bot attacks continue to rise.Though most of the previous trends involve machine-triggered APIs being used for beneficial or neutral purposes, bot attacks and similar malign uses cases are still growing too. Attackers continue to use botnets to take down sites and apps with distributed denial of service campaigns. Crypto-miners have begun leveraging API vulnerabilities to take over container orchestration platforms and steal enterprises’ compute power. Other bad actors are using bots to steal credentials. We anticipate APIs will continue to bear much of the burden of nefarious machine-driven traffic. The traffic could potentially saturate backends unless the right security is built into the APIs. Indeed, in the December 2017 report “How to Build an Effective API Security Strategy,” Gartner analysts Mark O’Neill, Dionisio Zumerle, and Jeremy D’Hoinne predict that “[b]y 2022, API abuses will be the most-frequent attack vector resulting in data breaches for enterprise web applications.” The rise of machine-driven API traffic among bad actors is precipitating a rise in machine-driven API traffic from enterprises working to ward off attackers. Organizations need robust security protections at the API level that include not only standards such as authentication and encryption but also smart algorithms and machine learning that can recognize bad actors and take steps to stop them. Embrace the machines.We should acknowledge and embrace the fact that “robots” are our new partners in the API world. Machine-driven API calls will likely help us to interact with devices and services in new ways, inject dumb devices with new use cases and intelligence.These actions by humans, calling to and from APIs will make AI accessible to more organizations and developers, and spot crooks that would have otherwise evaded human detection. The path forward will include pitfalls and obstacles, but with smarter machines and smarter humans working together, the future is bright.
Embattled Commonwealth Games OC chief Suresh Kalmadi is likely to appear before CBI on Wednesday for questioning in connection with the agency’s probe into alleged financial irregularities in the conduct of the mega sporting event.Official sources said that Kalmadi has been asked to come to the CBI office for questioning and he has informed the investigating agency he would make his appearance on Wednesday.The chief of the Games’ Organising Committee is likely to be quizzed on a number of issues regarding the Games including alleged bungling in Queen’s Baton Relay.CBI officials had yesterday visited the Games OC office here and questioned some officials. Besides they had seized certain documents related to QBR and other contracts with various firms.The sources said Kalmadi will also be asked questioned about certain contracts given to foreign firms for carrying out overlays work for the games in October last.The CBI had late last month contacted Kalmadi over phone asking him to appear before it for questioning but the OC chief had said he will be available only after January three.Kalmadi had earlier in the day said he has not yet heard from the CBI about possible date of his questioning.”I am yet to hear from the CBI. As and when I am informed, I will be available. I am extending full cooperation to all investigating agencies,” Kalmadi told PTI.The sleuths have grilled Kalmadi’s three key aides in connection with the scam. Sources said Manoj Bhori, political advisor to OC head, P K Srivastava and A K Sinha, both assistants to Kalmadi, were also called in for interrogation.advertisementThe CBI had earlier conducted raids at the residences of Kalmadi, OC Secretary General Lalit Bhanot, R K Sacheti, who is Joint Director General of the OC, and Sangeeta Welingkar, member of the Games Image and Look Group.The agency has so far filed three FIRs in connection with the alleged financial irregularities.While one case is related to a Rs 107-crore deal struck with a Swiss score keeping firm, the CBI had registered two other FIRs in connection with the contract given to AM Films for the Baton Relay ceremonies by the OC in London.The CBI has decided to approach the Sports Ministry to seek removal of Kalmadi and Bhanot from their posts citing failure of certain junior OC officials to cooperate with it which, it claimed, was hampering the probe.With PTI inputs