SharePrint Related Editor’s Note: Martin Pedersen was the focus of a Geocaching.com video, “Geocaching Diet” in mid-2010. He succeeded in losing more than 30 pounds. But Martin will tell you losing 30 pounds still leaves him with a sense that he hasn’t fully succeeded. His weight loss goal was much loftier. The author of the blog FamilyNavigation.com hoped to lose 100 pounds. We still think his geocaching diet was a success. Martin leads a healthier and more active lifestyle today and he’s kept the weight off. Here is Martin’s story, in his own words. Martin Pedersen, pictured here with his family, spent a year on a geocaching diet. Last year my New Year’s Resolution was to get into shape and lose weight. On January 1st I had no idea how I would do it. A fad diet and a gym membership were not going to work for me and two weeks into January I still did not know how I was going to keep my resolution. There had to be a way I could add enjoyable daily exercise into my busy routine. I wanted to pick an activity that I would crave to do each day and was more enjoyable than the passive activities I had been wasting my time with. Still confused I did what I normally do when I have important things to think about; I went for a hike. The combination of nature, fresh air, and exercise always lifts my spirits and allows me to think clearly.Martin geocaching in British Columbia, CanadaI quickly threw the essentials into my backpack which includes water, notebook, pen, and a GPS receiver. The first three items had been part of my hiking pack for as long as I could remember but the GPSr was a new addition. I had been introduced to geocaching a number of months prior and I was slowly getting obsessed. Even though I was going on a hike to come up with ideas, there was no reason why I couldn’t find a few geocaches along the way.My wife was introduced to geocaching from a friend and when she told me about it she knew that it would be something I would really get into. I love to play outside, I am a true explorer at heart, I enjoy challenges, and I like activities I can quantify. Imagine if I could build an exercise routine around hiking and geocaching.On that most enjoyable geocaching hike I did imagine it and as soon as I got back I went to work to figure out if I could possibly fit regular geocaching into my schedule. After an evening worth of research I explained the concept of a geocaching exercise challenge to my wife. The plan was to find 1000 geocaches in one year while hiking 2500kms and trying to lose as much weight as possible, hopefully up to 100lbs. She always amazes me with the enthusiasm she greets my crazy ideas. Three days later I started the Geocache Diet.I have gone hiking almost every day for 11 months and in that time I have found nearly 900 geocaches while walking the equivalent distance to get from Canada to Mexico (taking the scenic route of course). I have hiked through beautiful forests, past waterfalls, alpine lakes and beaches. I have walked back-country roads, urban streets, bicycle paths, plus a fair bit of bushwhacking.Many of the caches I have found had parking right next to them but instead of simply driving from location to location I would always link a few together on a circle walk through town. My family likes caching and they joined me on as many outings as we could manage but a lot of the time I was alone. I have found caches in all types of weather including pouring rain, wind storms, and in the snow. I have not lost as much weight as I would have liked but I have been rewarded with the benefits of regular exercise. This challenge has succeeded in getting me outside to work up a sweat daily where other attempts have failed. The main reason that this challenge worked was that it was just too much fun. Geocaching is such an enjoyable, inexpensive, accessible, and inclusive activity which everyone can do and that makes it a perfect complement to regular exercise.Martin geocaching with his familyThe hardest part of doing any exercise challenge is making the time commitment. Before starting this challenge I looked at my schedule and wrote down everything I needed to do each week (like work, family time, and sleep).I found that, even though I am a busy person, by cutting out activities like watching TV I had enough time to complete this challenge. I did not cut out anything that I enjoyed doing more than hiking and geocaching and I definitely have not cut into family time. My year is almost up but I still have so many trails to hike, so many caches to find, and so many places to discover. I will just have to continue to include geocaching into a healthy lifestyle and to reach my ideal weight and fitness level.Share with your Friends:More Geocaching DietBy: Martin Pedersen
How to Build an Insulated Cathedral CeilingAir Sealing an AtticIce Dam BasicsAll About Attic VentingHow to Install Rigid Foam On Top of Roof SheathingPrevent Ice Dams With Air Sealing and InsulationMartin’s Ten Rules of Roof Design RELATED ARTICLES Local builders aren’t getting itButson says the local builders he’s contacted haven’t been of much help.“More broadly, I am slowly coming to terms with the fact that I will have to do most of the engineering work for this renovation,” he says. “I have hired an architect who can create plans and construction details for what I want to execute. What I have not been able to find is a builder who seems to understand these issues or possible solutions.”Butson has spoken to several builders, but they all insist that he will need heating cables.“I fundamentally disagree with this, but I doubt I will be able to convince them otherwise,” he says, “and even if I do them, I don’t have confidence in their ability to execute the necessary modifications and details.”For homeowners in search of a builder who is familiar with building science principles, one option, according to Holladay, is to contact a local energy rater certified by RESNET or the Building Performance Institute. To find a local energy rater, Butson can use the search function on one or both of these two websites.“Call up the energy rater and ask for the names of local contractors who understand energy issues, building performance issues, and building science issues,” Holladay says. “Good luck.” Chris Butson’s Utah home sits at an elevation of 6,000 feet and experiences everything from sub-zero temperatures in the winter to 100-degree summer days. Built in 1994, the house has what Butson believes is an underinsulated roof that contributes to big electric bills and massive ice dams.“From what I have observed, the roof/attic was not insulated well when built,” Butson writes in a post on GBA’s Q&A column. “This has been partly remedied by blowing in extra insulation into the attic, but most of the cathedral ceilings were framed with 2x12s with probably 8-inch or 9-inch thick batts of fiberglass. In short, the roof has lots of heat gain during the summer and lots of heat loss in winter.”To compensate, the builder installed a huge air conditioning unit to make summers more comfortable, as well as hundreds of feet of heating cables along the eaves to melt ice dams as they form in winter. Does it work? No. “Not surprisingly,” Butson says, “our electric bill is quite high and we have massive ice dams.”Butson has done his homework. His solution includes adding rigid foam insulation of some kind on top of the existing roof sheathing to get the R-value up to 49, adding blown-in insulation to the attic, improving attic ventilation, eliminating skylights, and building a conditioned mechanical room in the attic for the furnace and AC equipment. Get rid of the heating cablesHeating cables melt accumulating ice along the eaves, preventing ice dams from forming. The cables are a familiar sight on older homes in snow country, but they are evidence of inadequate insulation and air leaks.Jon R suggests that Butson make sure the cables are plugged into a smart controller so the cables use less electricity than they would with “dumber” controls.But Holladay would have Butson remove the cables completely.“Installing heating cables at the eaves of a roof is a terrible idea, so the simplest explanation is that Europeans are smarter than Americans,” he says in answer to Buston’s query about why he’s never seen heating cables on any European roofs. “Seriously, though: most areas of continental Europe don’t get as much snow as New England or the upper Midwest, so ice dams are rare in the Netherlands, Belgium, or the lower elevations of France or Germany. “In colder parts of Europe like Scandinavia, he adds, building practices are better than they are in the U.S.; most houses in Scandinavia get more insulation and better air barriers than American homes.The heating cables should be unplugged and removed, he says. “The fact remains that any house with heating cables at the eaves suffers from fundamental design errors that can be avoided during the design and construction phases of any new home,” Holladay says. “Does this plan sound reasonable, or am I missing something fundamental?” he asks. “Why do I never see heating cable in cold regions in Europe? In fact, I have several German friends and colleagues and they don’t even know what I’m talking about. Is my perception correct and if so what is different about the way their houses are built?”That’s the topic for this Q&A Spotlight. Use 2x4s to create an air gapThe roof probably needs ventilation — just not the ventilation that’s currently built into it.As Holladay explains, ventilation typically includes vents at both the soffits (which admit air) and at the ridge (which allow the air to escape). The air flows above the uppermost layer of insulation and exits the building at the top of the roof, carrying with it moisture that would otherwise accumulate in the insulation or on the bottom surface of the roof sheathing.These existing air passages will be in the wrong location if Butson adds new rigid foam above the existing roof sheathing, so these are the ventilation channels that should be sealed when the new foam is installed. Butson can add new ventilation channels in the roof when he adds the new rigid foam. One way of accomplishing that, Holladay says, is to install 2x4s on the flat, 24 inches on center, over the rigid foam on the roof. These 2x4s are installed so they’re perpendicular to the ridge, creating ventilation channels 1 1/2 inch deep.If the roofing requires solid sheathing, Butson can add a layer of OSB or plywood over the 2x4s, followed by underlayment and roofing. If he wants the install screw-down metal roofing, he could install 1×4 or 2×4 purlins over the first layer of 2x4s, and attach the roofing panels to them.Holladay points out that the ventilation channels above the new rigid foam are optional. That said, the ventilation channels reduce the chance of ice dams in snowy climates, making them advisable in Butson’s case. Air-sealing is keyWhile Butson’s plan looks reasonable, Steve Knapp writes, the new insulation will do more good if the structure is as airtight as possible. “One thing I would suggest is undertaking a thorough air-sealing exercise,” he says, “in combination with blower door testing.”Good advice, adds GBA senior editor Martin Holladay.“In addition to following Steve’s advice — performing air sealing measures — you’ll also need to find a way to block the air intake into the ventilation chutes in your existing cathedral ceilings, and to also block the tops of these ventilation chutes near the ridge,” Holladay adds. “Adding rigid foam above the roof sheathing to supplement the performance of the fluffy insulation between the rafters is a great idea, but that approach will only work if you can exclude exterior air from the ventilation channel between the top of the fiberglass batts and the underside of the roof sheathing.”After sealing those areas, he says, Butson can (if he wants) build new ventilation channels above the new rigid foam insulation in the roof. These new ventilation channels should connect soffit vents and ridge vents. Our expert’s opinionGBA technical director Peter Yost had this to add:Heating cables address the symptom, not the cause. Ice dams need lots of conductive and convective heat loss at the eaves. You can’t ventilate your way out of ice dams either: you can’t move enough cold, dry air to overcome the warm, moist air leaking at the eaves.While ventilating the new roof deck is a good idea, you don’t necessarily need that ventilation; there are plenty of well-performing, durable “hot” (or unvented) cathedral roof assemblies. They all have continuous air and thermal barriers at the eaves and tops of the eave walls.A great resource for understanding ice dams is Bill Rose’s Water in Buildings, Chapter 4, which reads in part: “To correct existing ice dams, identify the vagrant heat source and correct it…. Venting is limited in its ability to dilute excess heat — limited by low quantities of flow through vents and a low heat capacity in air. Unfortunately, heat losses, especially stupidly wasteful losses… have no such physical limitations.”The tougher question sounds like who will do the work and do it well. Continuous air and thermal barriers require workers who respect the building science of hygrothermal flows. The best suggestion I have — besides Martin’s recommendation to ask for advice from BPI-certified professionals — is to contact local and state home builders associations and ask them for a list of their members who have completed the Advanced Green Building: Building Science two-day course. (I was one of the primary authors of this course and it was developed using a ton of content from Green Building Advisor.)
Vice-President Venkaiah Naidu on Thursday said students studying in universities who wished to complete Afzal Guru’s “incomplete job” of blasting Parliament should be ashamed of themselves. He was addressing students at the convocation ceremony of Shri Vaishnav Vidyapeeth Vishwavidyalaya here.“Out of the 920 universities in the country, few are in the news for the wrong reasons. People there say — Afzal Guru aapne jo kaam adhura choda hai, hum usse poora karenge(Afzal Guru, we’ll complete the job you left incomplete). They should be ashamed of themselves. Guru tried to blast Parliament. Even I was there, but nothing happened to us,” he said.Although several private institutions had contributed to the sector, he said, higher education in the country still faced the challenges of access, equity, affordability and equality.“There was a time we gave knowledge to the world and now we do not figure even in the top 100 universities of the world,” he said. “Educational institutions should focus only on academic excellence. Then physical fitness, mental alertness and social consciousness. Students should not get into other things and controversies.”Stating that although everyone had the freedom to eat whatever they wanted, some people made an issue out of it, and added, “But then there are those who celebrate beef festival and anti-beef festival.”‘Why create tension?’“In some areas, they even celebrate kissing festival. It’s a different matter if it’s consensual between two people. But by celebrating it as a festival, why create tension in society? Therefore, I advise students to focus on education and raise its standards,” he said. Exhorting students to be physically fit, he said he played badminton, went for a walk and practised yoga every day. Yoga benefits “The Prime Minister was kind enough to promote yoga across 172 countries, where they have even opened institutes for it. But in our country, we doubt it. One child asked me once about the benefits of yoga. I told him — if you do yoga, you’ll be yogya (able).”“One child had an issue with doing Surya Namaskar, so I told him, do Chandra Namaskar instead,” he said. “Yoga is not political. It is not because of Modi, it is for your body.”As for welfare measures of the government, he said, “Programmes like Beti Bachao, Beti Padhaoshouldn’t just be reduced to government schemes. They should be made into people’s movements.” Mr. Naidu called upon students to follow the diet prescribed by their forefathers.
It was Zaheer Khan’s dismissal of Windies opener Devon Smith that opened the gate for India’s win at the MA Chidambaram Stadium in Chennai on Sunday.Chasing 269, Ramnaresh Sarwan and Smith were batting with ease, rotating the strike at will and milking away at India’s bowling. But, Zaheer got the better of Smith on 81 with his slower ball in the 31st over bringing an end to their 63-run partnership.The opposition lost their third wicket on 154 and that’s where the slide actually began for the West Indies.Man-of-the-MatchEarlier, India posted 268 against the West Indies and it was Yuvraj Singh’s maiden World Cup ton that proved to the highlight of the batting.But that wasn’t all, he came back to deliver the goods with the ball taking two important scalps in the match.Yuvraj Singh earned the Man-of-the-Match award for his all-round performance.
Child diversion is a process of implementing measures for dealing with children who are alleged, accused or recognised to have infringed the penal law, without resorting to the formal judicial proceedings. Story Highlights Debate on the Child Diversion Bill began in the House of Representatives on Tuesday (January 30).The Bill seeks to enable the implementation of child diversion measures in dealing with children who come into conflict with the law.Minister of Justice, Hon. Delroy Chuck, in opening the debate, noted that among the main objectives of the Bill are: ensuring that every child in conflict with the law is treated in a manner that recognises and upholds human dignity and worth; diverting the child away from engaging in deviant and delinquent behaviours; and instilling in the child respect for the fundamental rights and freedoms of others.The Bill will also see to the establishment of a Child Diversion office; Child Diversion Committees; and a Child Diversion Oversight Committee. It also addresses the structure of the Child Diversion programme, the circumstances under which a child is to be referred, among other things.Child diversion is a process of implementing measures for dealing with children who are alleged, accused or recognised to have infringed the penal law, without resorting to the formal judicial proceedings.“Gone are the days when we ignore a child’s circumstances and focus only on the wrong that he or she did,” Mr. Chuck said.He noted that research indicates that factors contributing to the number of children before the court include lack of adequate parental guidance, mental health issues and poverty, adding that it is therefore crucial that solutions are implemented to address the issues impacting these children and a holistic approach be taken towards addressing the underlying factors.“In most cases, diversion of children provide greater benefit to the offender, the victim, and the society than the formal criminal justice process. The challenges faced by children in conflict with the law in Jamaica has brought into sharp focus the necessity for legislation which recognises and upholds the basic human rights of children who face the prospect of being deprived of their liberty,” Mr. Chuck said.He added that as a party to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, Jamaica has a duty to put measures in place to deal with children who are accused of breaking the law, as they have the right to legal help and fair treatment in the justice system.A National Child Diversion Policy was tabled in 2015 after consultation with all major stakeholders in Government, civil society and non-governmental organisations. Through this policy, a formal framework was established for dealing with children in conflict with the law throughout the criminal justice system and sought to ensure that detention of a child offender as punishment for anti-social behaviour was a measure of last resort.One key objective of the policy was to develop the mechanism to not only divert children who come into conflict with the law, but also to empower them to become responsible and productive citizens through the use of methodologies which are consistent with restorative justice practices. Debate on the Child Diversion Bill began in the House of Representatives on Tuesday (January 30). Minister of Justice, Hon. Delroy Chuck, in opening the debate, noted that among the main objectives of the Bill are: ensuring that every child in conflict with the law is treated in a manner that recognises and upholds human dignity and worth; diverting the child away from engaging in deviant and delinquent behaviours; and instilling in the child respect for the fundamental rights and freedoms of others.
The Council is deemed pivotal to Jamaica’s engagements in the post-IMF era, which is anticipated will follow when the current US$1.7-billion Precautionary Stand-By Arrangement concludes in November 2019. He pointed out that this has been manifested by the Government’s engagement of wide-ranging stakeholder groups who have been “active” participants in policy discussions. Finance and the Public Service Minister, Dr. the Hon. Nigel Clarke, says multi-stakeholder acceptance and ownership of Jamaica’s proposed independent Fiscal Council will be key to its success. Story Highlights Finance and the Public Service Minister, Dr. the Hon. Nigel Clarke, says multi-stakeholder acceptance and ownership of Jamaica’s proposed independent Fiscal Council will be key to its success.Fiscal councils are permanent, independent, non-partisan institutions that are created by legislation and staffed by competent, experienced and technically proficient persons who help to promote economically sustainable fiscal policies across political cycles.Dr. Clarke, who was speaking at a recent Caribbean Policy Research Institute public forum at the University of the West Indies, Mona, St. Andrew, noted that a key feature of Jamaica’s recent economic success “is the extent to which there has been broad ownership of our economic reforms”.He pointed out that this has been manifested by the Government’s engagement of wide-ranging stakeholder groups who have been “active” participants in policy discussions.This, the Minister added, has contributed to engendering a degree of social cohesion which is “enviable”.“That’s why the emergence of this institution (Fiscal Council) has to represent Jamaica’s own evolution. We have to be true to how we got to this position of success… and (that is) because we had broad ownership and engagement,” he argued.As such, Dr. Clarke said the Council’s success must embody those principles, adding that “finding a way for (that) kind of engagement… is going to be important”.The proposed Fiscal Council is consistent with the Government’s plans to secure Jamaica’s gains under successive economic reform programmes with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and build on the success of domestic partnership initiatives.The Council is deemed pivotal to Jamaica’s engagements in the post-IMF era, which is anticipated will follow when the current US$1.7-billion Precautionary Stand-By Arrangement concludes in November 2019.